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移動人權線上論壇:打擊奴隸制度

線上講座簡介:

台灣「人口販運防制法」於 2009 年 1 月 23 日經總統公佈迄今,台灣的人口販運問題似乎有了顯著的改善?法律的制定及打擊人口販運工作的推動,實須歸功於民間非政府組織的長年努力。

來自越南籍的阮文雄神父,曾獲美國國務院頒發「打擊人口販運英雄獎」,譽為「結束現代奴隸制度的英雄」。他早期在新竹及三峽外國人收容所發現大量移工移民被關,接著注意到當時眾多越南外籍配偶被騙去賣春的案件,因此疑問油然而生,這些是零星個案?還是有其社會制度問題的存在?於是,他開始去了解「人口販運」是什麼,注意到國際社會上的人口販運之案例與這些移工移民竟有雷同之處。

當時在不肖仲介的介入下,有許多越南婦女照片與訊息竟然出現在ebay的網路上,甚至於台灣電視上、街頭上亦出現穿著少量衣著婦女的廣告,此種勞力剝削的現象處處存在著。為了引起社會大眾注意到這個問題,阮神父接著參觀了美國國務院,並邀請他們來台,與台灣非政府民間組織共同討論勞力剝削問題,並與台灣其他非政府民間組織合作,推動「人口販運防制法」。然而,這個剝削現象迄今依然存在,只是以不同形式存在著,像是仲介費、買工費。移工亦缺乏相關資源和求助的方式。這些來台工作者是活生生的人,在台灣卻遭到尊嚴、自由、或是勞力的剝削,我們需要正視這個現象,讓社會大眾了解,並共同努力繼續打擊這種剝削現象。

線上講者簡介:

阮文雄 天主教新竹教區越南移工移民辦公室主任

阮文雄神父於1979年逃離越南,在海上漂流近36小時後,得到挪威貨輪救助,送至日本難民營。在日本期間,開始當工人打工、修路、工廠做鐵工,經歷過歧視、剝削以及種種不公平待遇。因為經歷過類似的經驗,來台後,他看到新移民及移工因為語言隔閡加上不合理的制度,遭到剝削、欺騙的事情時有耳聞。於是從1988年協助越南來台之實習生在工廠受到剝削及虐待一事進行處理,於2004年成立天主教越南外勞配偶辦公室 -VMWBO越南移工移民辦公室-VMWIO),協助越南籍勞工及新移民透過法律途徑爭取權利,並與多個在臺非政府組織合作,參與大大小小記者會,促使社會大眾關注移工及新移民人權議題,要求政府制定更合理的法律與政策,改善工作環境,終結人口販賣。終於在2009年,在各界人士的努力下,三讀通過人口販運防制法。

 

Instruction:

Since the promulgation of Taiwan’s Human Trafficking Prevention Act by the president on January 23, 2009, it seems that human trafficking problem in Taiwan has seen significant improvement. Is that really the case? The formulation of the law and the advancement of the fight against human trafficking must be attributed to the long-term efforts of non-governmental organizations.

Father Peter Nguyen Van Hung is from Vietnam. He is recognized by the US State Department as the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report Hero for "acting to end modern slavery". He found that a large number of migrant workers were detained in Hsinchu and Sanxia foreigner shelters in the early days. Then he noticed that many Vietnamese spouses were tricked into prostitution, so he started to question if these are just individual cases. Or are they systematic issues? So he began to look into the matter of human trafficking, and noticed that cases of human trafficking reported internationally are similar to what these migrant workers experienced in Taiwan.

At that time, through the hands of unscrupulous brokers, photos and information of many Vietnamese women were advertised on eBay. Even advertisements of scantily clad Vietnamese women were aired on TV and posted on the streets. Labor exploitation of this sort existed everywhere. In order to draw the public’s attention to this issue, Father Nguyen then visited the U.S. State Department and invited them to Taiwan to discuss labor exploitation with Taiwan’s NGOs and work them to facilitate the adoption of "Human Trafficking Prevention Act". However, exploitation goes on, only morphed into different forms like brokerage fees and kickbacks. Migrant workers also had limited, if any, access to resources needed and ways to seek help. These migrant workers are also human beings made of flesh and blood, but they are stripped of dignity and freedom as they are exploited for their labor. We need to recognize this prevailing condition and work together with the public to combat exploitation by informing them the situation.

Speaker:

Peter Nguyen Van Hung, Director of Vietnamese Migrant Workers and Immigrants Office of the Catholic Church's Hsinchu Diocese

Father Peter Nguyen Van Hung fled Vietnam in 1979. After 36 hours of drifting on the high seas, he was rescued by a ship flying Norwegian flag and sent to a refugee camp in Japan. During his stay in Japan, he did odd jobs like pavement and smith works and experienced discrimination, exploitation and all kinds of unfair treatment. Having experienced all these, he came to Taiwan and frequently witnessed new immigrants and migrant workers suffering exploitation and deception as a result of language barrier and an unfair system. He first assisted Vietnamese interns exploited and abused in factories in Taiwan seeking justice in 1988 and established Vietnamese Migrant Workers and Brides Office (VMWBO, and later Vietnamese Migrant Workers and Immigrants Office, VMWIO) in 2004, helping Vietnamese migrant workers and new immigrants seek justice through legal channels. He also works with multiple NGOs in Taiwan, holding press conferences of all sizes to seek public awareness of human rights issues of migrant workers and new immigrants. He advocates for the government to formulate more reasonable laws and policies, improve the working environment, and end human trafficking. Finally in 2009, with efforts from all sides, Human Trafficking Prevention Act passed the third reading and was adopted. 


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